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The Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 Circulars
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Body Circular No. 65/39/2018 - DOR, F.No.S.31011/11/2018-ST-I-DoR Dated 14th September, 2018

Government of India

Ministry of Finance

Department of Revenue

* * *

To,

1. Secretaries of the Central Ministries as pe list enclosed.

2. Chief Secretaries of all States/UTs with legislature/ UTs without Legislature.

3. All Finance Secretaries/ CCTs of the States/ UTs with Legislature/UTs without Legislature.

4. Chairman CBIC /All Principal Chief Commissioners/ Chief Commissioners/ Principal Commissioners/ Commissioners of Central Tax (through Member, GST, CBIC)

5. Pr.Chief Controller of Accounts, CBIC.

Madam/Sir,

Subject: Guidelines for Deductions and Deposits of TDS by the DDO under GST

Section 51 of the CGST Act 2017 provides for deduction of tax by the Government Agencies (Deductor) or any other person to be notified in this regard, from the payment made or credited to the supplier (Deductee) of taxable goods or services or both, where the total value of such supply, under a contract, exceeds two lakh and fifty thousand rupees. The amount deducted as tax under this section shall be paid to the Government by deductor within ten days after the end of the month in which such deduction is made alongwith a return in FORM GSTR-7 giving the details of deductions and deductees. Further, the deductor has to issue a certificate to the deductee mentioning therein the contract value, rate of deduction, amount deducted etc.

2. As per the Act, every deductor shall deduct the tax amount from the payment made to the supplier of goods or services or both and deposit the tax amount so deducted with the Government account through NEFT to RBI or a cheque to be deposited in one of the authorized banks, using challan on the common portal. In addition, the deductors are entrusted the responsibility of filing return in FORM GSTR-7 on the common portal for every month in which deduction has been made based on which the benefit of deduction shall be made available to the deductee. All the DDOs in the Government, who are performing the role as deductor have to register with the common portal and get the GST Identification Number (GSTIN).

3. The subject section which provides for tax deduction at source was not notified to come into force with effect from 1st July, 2017, the date from which GST was introduced. Government has recently notified that these provisions shall come into force with effect from 1st October, 2018, vide Notification No. 50/2018 - Central Tax dated 13th September, 2018.

4. For payment process of Tax Deduction at Source under GST two options can be followed, which are as under:

Option I: Generation of challan for every payment made during the month

Option II: Bunching of TDS deducted from the bills on weekly, monthly or any periodic manner

5. In order to give effect to the above options from 01.10.2018, a process flow of deduction and deposit of TDS by the DDOs has been finalised in consultation with CGA for guidance and implementation by Central and State Government Authorities. The process flow for Option I and Option II are described as under:

Option I - Individual Bill -wise Deduction and its Deposit by the DDO

6. In this option, the DDO will have to deduct as well as deposit the GST TDS for each bill individually by generating a CPIN (Challan) and mentioning it in the Bill itself.

7. Following process shall be followed by the DDO in this regard:

    (i) The DDO shall prepare the Bill based on the Expenditure Sanction. The Expenditure Sanction shall contain the (a) Total amount, (b) net amount payable to the Contractor/Supplier/Vendor and (c) the 2% TDS amount of GST.

    (ii) The DDO shall login into the GSTN Portal (using his GSTIN) and generate the CPIN (Challan). In the CPIN he shall have to fill in the desired amount of payment against one/many Major Head(s) (CGST/SGST/UTGST/IGST) and the relevant component (e.g. Tax) under each of the Major Head.

    (iii) While generating the CPIN, the DDO will have to select mode of payment as either (a) NEFT/RTGS or (b) OTC. In the OTC mode, the DDO will have to select the Bank where the payment will be deposited through OTC mode.

    (iv) The DDO shall prepare the bill on PFMS (in case of Central Civil Ministries of GoI), similar payment portals of other Ministries/Departments of Gol or of State Governments for submission to the respective payment authorities.

    (v) In the Bill,

      (a) the net amount payable to the Contractor; and

      (b) 2% as TDS will be specified

    (vi) In case of NEFT/RTGS mode, the DDO will have to mention the CPIN Number (as beneficiary's account number), RBI (as beneficiary) and the IFSC Code of RBI with the request to payment authority to make payment in favour of RBI with these credentials.

    (vii) In case of the OTC mode, the DDO will have to request the payment authority to issue 'A' Category Government Cheque in favour of one of the 25 authorized Banks. The Cheque may then be deposited along with the CPIN with any of branch of the authorized Bank so selected by the DDO.

    (viii) Upon successful payment, a CIN will be generated by the RBI/Authorized Bank and will be shared electronically with the GSTN Portal. This will get credited in the electronic Cash Ledger of the concerned DDO in the GSTN Portal. This can be viewed and the details of CIN can be noted by the DDO anytime on GSTN portal using his Login credentials.

    (ix) The DDO should maintain a Register as per proforma given in Annexure 'A' to keep record of all TDS deductions made by him during the month. This Record will be helpful at the time of filing Monthly Return (FORM GSTR-7) by the DDO. The DDO may also make use of the offline utility available on the GSTN Portal for this purpose.

    (x) The DDO shall generate TDS Certificate through the GST Portal in FORM GSTR-7A after filing of Monthly Return.

Option II - Bunching of deductions and its deposit by the DDO

8. Option-I may not be suitable for DDOs who make large number of payments in a month as it would require them to make large number of challans during the month. Such DDOs may exercise this option wherein the DDO will have to deduct the TDS from each bill, for keeping it under the Suspense Head. However, deposit of this bunched amount from the Suspense Head can be made on a weekly, monthly or any other periodic basis.

9. Following process shall be followed by the DDO in this regard:

    (i) The DDO shall prepare the Bill based on the Expenditure Sanction. The Expenditure Sanction shall contain the (a) Total amount, (b) net amount payable to the Contractor/Supplier/Vendor and (c) the 2% TDS amount of GST.

    (ii) The DDO shall prepare the bill on PFMS (in case of Central Civil Ministries of GoI), similar payment portals of other Ministries/Departments of GoI or of State Governments for submission to the respective payment authorities.

    (iii) In the Bill, it will be specified

      (a) the net amount payable to the Contractor; and

      (b) 2% as TDS

    (iv) To enable the DDOs to account for the TDS bunched together (in terms of Option II), following sub-head related to the GST-TDS below the Head 8658.00.101-PAO Suspense has been opened.

    S. No. Major Head Sub Head Description Major Head Serial Code (8-digit reduced accounting code) SCCD Code
    1 8658-00-101 08-GST TDS 86580344 367

    (v) The DDO will require to maintain the Record of the TDS so being booked under the Suspense Head so that at the time of preparing the CPIN for making payment on weekly/monthly or any other periodic basis, the total amount could be easily worked out.

    (vi) At any periodic interval, when DDO needs to deposit the TDS amount, he will prepare the CPIN on the GSTN Portal for the amount (already booked under the Suspense Head).

    (vii) While generating the CPIN, the DDO will have to select mode of payment as either (a) NEFT/RTGS or (b) OTC. In the OTC mode, the DDO will have to select the Bank where the payment will be deposited through OTC mode.

    (viii) The DDO shall prepare the bill for the bunched TDS amount for payment through the concerned payment authority. In the Bill, the DDO will give reference of all the earlier paid bills from which 2% TDS was deducted and kept in the suspense head. The DDO may also attach a certified copy of the record maintained by him in this regard.

    (ix) The payment authority will pass the bill by clearing the Suspense Head operated against that particular DDO after exercising necessary checks.

    (x) In case of NEFT/RTGS mode, the DDO will have to mention the CPIN Number (as beneficiary's account number), RBI (as beneficiary) and the IFSC Code of RBI with the request to payment authority to make payment in favour of RBI with these credentials.

    (xi) In case of the OTC mode, the DDO will have to request the payment authority to issue 'A' Category Government Cheque in favour of one of the 25 authorized Banks. The Cheque may then be deposited along with the CPIN with any of branch of the authorized Bank so selected by the DDO.

    (xii) Upon successful payment, a CIN will be generated by the RBI/Authorized Bank and will be shared electronically with the GSTN Portal. This will get credited in the electronic Cash Ledger of the concerned DDO in the GSTN Portal. This can be viewed and the details of CIN can be noted by the DDO anytime on GSTN portal using his Login credentials.

    (xiii) The DDO should maintain a Register as per proforma given in Annexure 'A' to keep record of all TDS deductions made by him during the month. This Record will be helpful at the time of filing Monthly Return (FORM GSTR-7) by the DDO. The DDO may also make use of the offline utility available on the GSTN Portal for this purpose.

    (xiv) The DDO shall file the Return in FORM GSTR-7 by 10th of the following month

    (xv) The DDO shall generate TDS Certificate through the GSTN Portal in FORM GSTR-7A

10. Departments in Central Government should instruct all its DDOs under them to follow the above procedure for payment of GST TDS amount deducted from payments to be made to suppliers.

11. Difficulty, if any, in implementation of this circular may please be brought to the notice of Department of Revenue.

(Ritvik Pandey)

Joint Secretary to the Government of India

Annexure A

Record to be maintained by the DDO for filing of GSTR 7

Sl. No. GSTIN of the Deductee Trade Name Amount paid to the Deductee on which tax is deducted Integrated Tax Central Tax State/UT Tax Total